Like you pointed out, rabies is the obvious one. Some parasites can also be transmitted to humans. Outside of that, I dont know of too many that are transmittable. If I remember correctly, there is no proof that Feline Leukemia or FIV (feline AIDS) is transmittable to humans. (Obvoiously that applies to the leukemia, being you cant aquire cancer from another person, let alone a cat.) Im not a vet, but that is what I remember. Dont hold me to it, its best to research it online, and ask your vet if need be.