Yes, this shelter will take the cat back at any time. In fact, they make you sign an agreement to that effect. I'm still thinking seriously about it, but I've come down to earth a little bit. My dog is having allergy problems and I need to make sure he's not allergic to the cat before I bring another one into the house. If it turns out to be food or dust mites or something, then I will see if Dolly is still available.